Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Mashhad

Date & Time: Jan 28, 2016 at 1730 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EP-ZAB
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Isfahan – Mashhad
MSN:
49930/1720
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
IZG4010
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
148
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Isfahan, the crew started the approach to Mashhad Airport in poor weather conditions with low visibility due to snow falls. After touchdown on runway 31R, the aircraft skidded and went out of control. It veered off runway to the left, lost its undercarriage and came to rest 55 meters to the left of the centerline, about 2,200 meters from the runway threshold. All 154 occupants were quickly evacuated and were unhurt while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. At the time of the accident, it appears the runway was icy and slippery.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-154 in Mashhad

Date & Time: Jan 24, 2010 at 0720 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-85787
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Abadan - Machhad
MSN:
93A971
YOM:
1993
Flight number:
TBM6437
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
13
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
157
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
By night, aircraft left Abadan airport for Mashhad. Due to poor weather conditions at destination, crew diverted to Isfahan where it left at 0535LT bound to Mashhad. While on an ILS approach in thick fog, aircraft hit runway threshold, lost its tail and undercarriage. It veered off runway and came to rest in flames with both wings partially sheared off. At least 46 occupants were injured while the aircraft was partially destroyed by fire. Vertical visibility was 200 feet at the time of the accident.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration in low visibility due to poor weather conditions and below minimums.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-62M in Mashhad: 16 killed

Date & Time: Jul 25, 2009 at 1805 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UP-I6208
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Tehran - Mashhad
MSN:
19 51 5 2 5
YOM:
9
Flight number:
IRX1525
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
17
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
156
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
16
Aircraft flight hours:
13573
Aircraft flight cycles:
3987
Circumstances:
After touchdown on runway 13L in Mashaad, the four engine aircraft did not decelerate as expected and overran. It then struck a concrete wall located 820 meters further on and came to rest. Eleven crew members and five passengers were killed while thirty other people were injured. The front part of the aircraft was destroyed and it came to rest on its tail.
Probable cause:
It is understood that the crew adopted a wrong approach configuration with an excessive approach speed. With a total weight of 93,7 tons, the aircraft should land at a speed of 275 km/h. Investigations determined that the aircraft landed at a speed of 325 km/h past the runway threshold and the flight engineer failed to activate the thrust reverser after touchdown, which was considered as a contributory factor.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-154 in Mashhad: 28 killed

Date & Time: Sep 1, 2006 at 1345 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EP-MCF
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bandar Abbas - Meched
MSN:
88A-788
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
IRB945
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
137
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
28
Circumstances:
While landing on runway 14L, a tyre burst. Pilots lost control of the aircraft which left the runway and eventually came to rest in flames. 28 passengers were killed while 54 were seriously injured and 66 escaped unhurt.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-76 in Mashhad

Date & Time: Feb 24, 2002 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
15-2291
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Meched-Téhéran
MSN:
0073475236
YOM:
1987
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
222
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:

Shortly after takeoff from Mashad, number three engine exploded. Crew return to airport but fire was not extinguished. After landing and stop, all 230 occupants escaped but right wing was destroyed by fire and bent to the ground.

Crash of a Boeing 727-86 near Tehran: 128 killed

Date & Time: Jan 21, 1980 at 1911 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EP-IRD
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Mashhad - Tehran
MSN:
19817/537
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
IR291
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
120
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
128
Circumstances:
On the day of the accident, Iranian air traffic controllers went on strike, which led to hundreds of domestic flights being cancelled. At 1600LT the strike was interrupted and flights resumed. At 1740LT, the airplane departed Mashad Airport on schedule service IR291 to Tehran-Mehrabad Airport with 120 passengers and a crew of eight on board. At 1852LT, ATC based at Tehran-Mehrabad Airport cleared the crew for a direct approach to runway 29. At 1905LT, the dispatcher instructed the crew to take a 360° heading to reach the non-directional beacon of Varamin. On approach, the copilot informed the captain that the VORTAC was giving a wrong radial course but the captain failed to respond to this message. At 1911LT, while descending in limited visibility due to night, snow falls and foggy conditions, the airplane struck the slope of a mountain located in the Alborz Mountain Range. The wreckage was found few hours later in a snow covered terrain about 29 km north of Tehran Airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and none of the 128 occupants survived the crash.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the accident was the consequence of a controlled flight into terrain, favored by an inoperable instrument landing system (ILS) of runway 29, when the ground radar was inoperative. The accident occurred just three hours after the Iranian air traffic controllers had resumed work after a strike period till 1600LT. The lack of visibility due to night and poor weather conditions remains a contributing factor.

Crash of a Lisunov LI-2 in Mashhad: 24 killed

Date & Time: Dec 4, 1946
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Mashhad – Tehran
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
21
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
24
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances shortly after takeoff from Mashhad Airport, killing all 24 occupants.