Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Kiev

Date & Time: Jun 14, 2018 at 2040 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UR-CPR
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Antalya - Kiev
MSN:
49946/1898
YOM:
1991
Flight number:
BAY4406
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
169
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful charter flight from Antalya, the crew completed the approach to Kiev-Zhuliany-Igor Sikorsky Airport in poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity, rain showers and turbulences. After touchdown on runway 08, the crew started the braking procedure when the airplane deviated from the centerline and veered off runway to the left. While contacting soft ground, both main landing gears torn off and the airplane slid on a grassy area before coming to rest. All 175 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair. At the time of the accident, wind was gusting to 57 km/h.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Alexandria

Date & Time: Apr 20, 2018 at 1418 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N807WA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Chicago - Alexandria
MSN:
53093/2066
YOM:
1993
Flight number:
WAL708
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
97
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Upon landing at Alexandria Airport, the right main gear collapsed. The airplane slid on the runway for dozen yards before coming to rest. All 101 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft is apparently damaged beyond repair. The flight was a charter mission on behalf of the U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Detroit

Date & Time: Mar 8, 2017 at 1452 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N786TW
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Detroit - Washington DC
MSN:
53123/1987
YOM:
1992
Flight number:
7Z9363
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
110
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
15518
Captain / Total hours on type:
8495.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
9660
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2462
Aircraft flight hours:
41008
Aircraft flight cycles:
39472
Circumstances:
A McDonnell Douglas MD-83, registration N786TW, suffered a runway excursion following an aborted takeoff from runway 23L at Detroit-Willow Run Airport, Michigan, USA. The aircraft had been chartered by the University of Michigan Basketball team for a flight to a game in Washington, DC. The flight crew prepared for take-off and calculated V-speeds (V1, VR, V2) using "Normal Thrust Takeoff", a 10 kts headwind, and a take-off weight of 146,600 lbs. The V-speeds for this configuration were 139 kts, 142 kts, and 150 kts, respectively. However, the flight crew chose to increase VR to 150 kts to allow for more control during take-off in the presence of windshear. During takeoff roll, at 14:51:56 (about 3,000 ft down the runway) and about 138 kts of airspeed, the control column was pulled back slightly from a non-dimensional value of -7 to -5.52. The airplane’s left elevator followed the control input and moved from a position of -15° trailing edge down to -13° trailing edge down. The right elevator did not change and stayed at approximately -16° trailing edge down. At 14:52:01 a large control column input was made (151 kts and 4100 ft down the runway) to a non-dimensional 18.5 and the left elevator moves to a position near 15° trailing edge up. After 14:52:05 the right elevator moves to -13° trailing edge down, but no more. The airplane does not respond in pitch and does not rotate. The captain decided to abort the takeoff. The maximum ground speed was 163 kts (173 kts airspeed) and the airplane began to decelerate as soon as the brakes were applied at 14:52:08. Spoilers were deployed at 14:52:10 and thrust reversers were deployed between 14:52:13 and 14:52:15. The aircraft could not be stopped on the runway. The airplane’s ground speed was 100 kts when it left the paved surface. The aircraft overran the end of the runway, damaged approach lights, went through the perimeter fence and crossed Tyler Road. It came to rest on grassy terrain, 345 meters past the end of the runway, with the rear fuselage across a ditch. The nose landing gear had collapsed. Runway 23L is a 7543 ft long runway.
Probable cause:
The NTSB determines that the probable cause of this accident was the jammed condition of the airplane’s right elevator, which resulted from exposure to localized, dynamic wind while the airplane was parked and rendered the airplane unable to rotate during takeoff. Contributing to the accident were (1) the effect of a large structure on the gusting surface wind at the airplane’s parked location, which led to turbulent gust loads on the right elevator sufficient to jam it, even though the horizontal surface wind speed was below the certification design limit and maintenance inspection criteria for the airplane, and (2) the lack of a means to enable the flight crew to detect a jammed elevator during preflight checks for the Boeing MD-83 airplane. Contributing to the survivability of the accident was the captain’s timely and appropriate decision to reject the takeoff, the check airman’s disciplined adherence to standard operating procedures after the captain called for the rejected takeoff, and the dimensionally compliant runway safety area where the overrun occurred.
Final Report:

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Mashhad

Date & Time: Jan 28, 2016 at 1730 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EP-ZAB
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Isfahan – Mashhad
MSN:
49930/1720
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
IZG4010
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
148
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Isfahan, the crew started the approach to Mashhad Airport in poor weather conditions with low visibility due to snow falls. After touchdown on runway 31R, the aircraft skidded and went out of control. It veered off runway to the left, lost its undercarriage and came to rest 55 meters to the left of the centerline, about 2,200 meters from the runway threshold. All 154 occupants were quickly evacuated and were unhurt while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. At the time of the accident, it appears the runway was icy and slippery.