Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Kiev

Date & Time: Jun 14, 2018 at 2040 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UR-CPR
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Antalya - Kiev
MSN:
49946/1898
YOM:
1991
Flight number:
BAY4406
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
169
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful charter flight from Antalya, the crew completed the approach to Kiev-Zhuliany-Igor Sikorsky Airport in poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity, rain showers and turbulences. After touchdown on runway 08, the crew started the braking procedure when the airplane deviated from the centerline and veered off runway to the left. While contacting soft ground, both main landing gears torn off and the airplane slid on a grassy area before coming to rest. All 175 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair. At the time of the accident, wind was gusting to 57 km/h.

Crash of an Antonov AN-24 in Kiev: 48 killed

Date & Time: Dec 17, 1976 at 2130 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-46722
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Chernivtsi - Kiev
MSN:
37300207
YOM:
1973
Flight number:
SU36N
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
50
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
48
Aircraft flight hours:
27244
Aircraft flight cycles:
24754
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Chernivtsi, the crew started the descent to Kiev-Zhuliany Airport in limited visibility due to foggy conditions and snow. On final approach, at a distance of 2,500 metres from runway threshold, the airplane descended below the glideslope. The crew continued the approach and passed below the decision height while he did not have the runway in sight. The airplane struck the concrete base of the inner marker located 1,265 metres short of runway, rolled for 115 metres and crashed on a railway embankment. Seven occupants were seriously injured while 48 others were killed. At the time of the accident, the horizontal visibility was 600 metres and the vertical visibility was 50 metres.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the flying crew who descended below the decision height without any visual contact with the runway in limited visibility until the aircraft contacted ground. Deficiencies and inadequacies by ATC at Kiev-Zhuliany Airport were considered as contributing factors as informations transmitted to the crew did not reflect the truth.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-14M in Kiev: 6 killed

Date & Time: Nov 14, 1974 at 1528 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-91515
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kiev - Donetsk - Voroshilovgrad
MSN:
1470 014 25
YOM:
1957
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Aircraft flight hours:
19892
Aircraft flight cycles:
16481
Circumstances:
The crew departed Kiev-Zhuliany Airport bound for Donetsk and Voroshilovgrad on a calibration flight. Shortly after takeoff, while in initial climb, the pilot informed ATC about a fire on the right engine. The crew was cleared to return for an emergency landing but the situation deteriorated quickly when the airplane went out of control and crashed in flames in a field located 10,8 km from the airport. The aircraft was destroyed and all six occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Failure of the right engine that caught fire during initial climb after a fuel line ruptured, maybe due to fatigue cracks or corrosion.

Crash of a Yakovlev Yak-40 near Kiev: 29 killed

Date & Time: May 23, 1974 at 2205 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-87579
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Khmelnytskyi – Kiev
MSN:
9 22 11 22
YOM:
1972
Flight number:
SU166N
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
29
Aircraft flight hours:
2368
Aircraft flight cycles:
2068
Circumstances:
On a night approach to Kiev-Zhuliany Airport, while initiating a fourth turn to join the approach path, the airplane struck the ground at a speed of 420 km/h, gear and flaps up. It crashed in a huge explosion in a field located 16 km west of the airport. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all 29 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The crew continued the approach by night without proper settings related to the atmospheric pressure. The following contributing factors were reported:
- The airfield pressure on the captain instrument 2077 was not established,
- The selected approach procedure was not established,
- The airfield pressure on altimeters was not established,
- ATC instructions to reduce the approach speed, transmitted twice, was not respected by the crew,
- The fourth turn on final was initiated too late and only following an ATC reminder.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-14D in Kiev: 7 killed

Date & Time: Aug 17, 1957 at 2002 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-L1360
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kiev - Kiev
MSN:
1470 014 32
YOM:
0
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Aircraft flight hours:
157
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a local training flight at Kiev-Zhuliany. While flying at an altitude estimated between 250 to 300 meters, the aircraft collided with an Aeroflot Ilyushin II-14G registered CCCP-L2071 that was approaching the same airport following a cargo flight SU126 from Sofia with five crew members on board. Investigations determined that the propeller of the right engine of L2071 struck the right wing of the L1360, proving that both airplanes were facing each other. Following the collision, L1360 lost its right wing, dove into the ground and crashed while L2071 lost its right propeller that penetrated the cockpit and killed instantly both pilots. Out of control, the airplane also dove into the ground. Both aircraft crashed onto several houses located 4,5 km from the airport. All 9 crew members were killed as well as six people on the ground. 23 others were injured, 12 of them seriously.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the collision was the consequence of a lack of radar coverage, guidance and assistance on part of the ATC at Kiev-Zhuliany Airport. It was reported that the crew of L2071 was not informed about the presence of a second aircraft performing training maneuvers in the vicinity of the airfield at the same altitude.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-14M in Kiev: 8 killed

Date & Time: Aug 17, 1957 at 2002 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-L2071
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Sofia - Kiev
MSN:
7 34 24 08
YOM:
11
Flight number:
SU126
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Aircraft flight hours:
833
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from Sofia to Kiev, carrying the luggage of the Chinese Athletics delegation. On approach to Kiev-Zhuliany Airport, while making a turn at an altitude of 250-300 meters, the aircraft collided with an Aeroflot Ilyushin II-14D registered CCCP-L1360 that was carrying four crew members on a local training mission. Investigations determined that the propeller of the right engine of L2071 struck the right wing of the L1360, proving that both airplanes were facing each other. Following the collision, L1360 lost its right wing, dove into the ground and crashed while L2071 lost its right propeller that penetrated the cockpit and killed instantly both pilots. Out of control, the airplane also dove into the ground. Both aircraft crashed onto several houses located 4,5 km from the airport. All 9 crew members were killed as well as six people on the ground. 23 others were injured, 12 of them seriously.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the collision was the consequence of a lack of radar coverage, guidance and assistance on part of the ATC at Kiev-Zhuliany Airport. It was reported that the crew of L2071 was not informed about the presence of a second aircraft performing training maneuvers in the vicinity of the airfield at the same altitude.