Region

Crash of a Lockheed C-130 Hercules in Sharara: 3 killed

Date & Time: Apr 29, 2018 at 1225 LT
Type of aircraft:
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
National Oil Corporation confirms a C-130 aircraft chartered by Akakus Oil crashed during take-off, 2km from the Sharara oil field, after delivering 18 tonnes of catering and maintenance supplies. The crash occurred took at 12:25pm on Sunday, April 29, 2018. Firefighters and paramedics quickly rushed to the scene. The tragic incident resulted in the death of three crew members and the injury of one other who is being evacuated by air to receive medical treatment in Tripoli. The NOC Board of Directors cancelled all their commitments and are presently at Akakus headquarters meeting with local management and a number of emergency staff to follow up on this tragic incident. The circumstances of the crash are still being investigated. Mr. Fayez Al-Sarraj, Chairman of the Presidential Council, was briefed on the developments of the incident, and expressed his solidarity with the families of the victims, ordering the preparation of a decree commemorating the deceased as martyrs. The General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) was also briefed and offered its condolences to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. The plane in question is the property of the Libyan Air Force but was chartered by Akakus Oil, who operate the Sharara field. The company was forced to charter the aircraft due to road closures and the security situation on the ground stemming from a road blockade leading to the field.

Crash of an Airbus A330 in Tripoli: 103 killed

Date & Time: May 12, 2010 at 0601 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5A-ONG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Johannesburg - Tripoli - London
MSN:
1024
YOM:
2009
Flight number:
AAW771
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
93
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
103
Captain / Total flying hours:
17016
Captain / Total hours on type:
516.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4216
Copilot / Total hours on type:
516
Aircraft flight hours:
2175
Aircraft flight cycles:
572
Circumstances:
Aircraft was on schedule flight from O.R Tambo International Airport - Johannesburg (South Africa) to Tripoli international Airport (Libya).The Aircraft took off on May 11th 2010 at 19:25 UTC as flight number 8U771/AAW771. There were three cockpit crew, eight cabin crew, and 93 passengers on board, with fifty thousand kg of fuel during takeoff role and the Aircraft mass was 187,501 kg.
During final approach towards runway 09 at Tripoli international Airport, the crew announced go-around and initiated the miss approach procedure with the knowledge and confirmation of Tripoli tower. During the missed approach phase, the Aircraft responded to the crew’s inputs, velocity and altitude increased above the MDA, then Aircraft descended dramatically until collided with the ground about 1200 meters from the threshold of the runway 09 and 150 meters right of the runway centerline, impact and post impact fire caused complete destruction to the Aircraft. An investigation committee had been formed to investigate the case and to submit the final report including the required safety recommendations.
Probable cause:
Probable Cause:
A final approach carried out in common managed guidance mode should have relieved the crew of their tasks. The limited coordination and cooperation between the two crew members, especially the change into vertical selected guidance mode by the PF, probably led to a lack of a common action plan. The lack of feedback from the 28 April 2010 flight, flown by the same crew on the same aircraft, did not allow them to anticipate the potential risks associated with managing non-precision approaches. The pilots’ performance was likely impaired because of fatigue, but the extent of their impairment and the degree to which it contributed to the performance deficiencies that occurred during the flight cannot be conclusively determined. During the go-around, the crew was surprised not to acquire visual references. On one hand the crew feared exceeding the aircraft’s speed limits in relation to its configuration, and on the other hand they were feeling the effects of somatogravic illusion due to the aircraft acceleration. This probably explains the aircraft handling inputs, mainly nose-down inputs, applied during the go-around. These inputs were not consistent with what is expected in this flight phase. The degraded CRM did not make it possible for either crew member to identify and recover from the situation before the collision with the ground, even when the TAWS warnings were activated close to the ground.
Based on elements from the investigation, the accident resulted from:
 The lack of common action plan during the approach and a final approach continued below the MDA, without ground visual reference acquired.
 The inappropriate application of flight control inputs during a go- around and on the activation of TAWS warnings,
 The lack of monitoring and controlling of the flight path.
These events can be explained by the following factors:
 Limited CRM on approach that degraded during the missed approach. This degradation was probably amplified by numerous radio-communications during the final approach and the crew’s state of fatigue,
 Aircraft control inputs typical in the occurrence of somatogravic perceptual illusions,
 Inappropriate systematic analysis of flight data and feedback mechanism within the AFRIQIYAH Airways.
 Non adherence to the company operation manual, SOP and standard terminology.
In addition, the investigation committee found the following as contributing factors to the accident:
 Weather available to the crew did not reflect the actual weather situation in the final approach segment at Tripoli International Airport.
 In adequacy of training received by the crew.
 Occupancy of tower frequency by both air and ground movements control.
Final Report:

Crash of a Short 360 in Marsa al Burayqah: 22 killed

Date & Time: Jan 13, 2000 at 1238 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HB-AAM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Tripoli-Marsa al Burayqah
MSN:
3763
YOM:
1990
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
38
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
22
Captain / Total flying hours:
8814
Captain / Total hours on type:
3840.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
10422
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1950
Aircraft flight hours:
7138

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter in Tripoli: 1 killed

Date & Time: Mar 19, 1994 at 1200 LT
Registration:
5A-DJK
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Tripoli-Tripoli
MSN:
775
YOM:
1981
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1

Crash of a Boeing 727-200 in Tripoli: 157 killed

Date & Time: Dec 22, 1992 at 1007 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5A-DIA
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Benghazi-Tripoli
MSN:
21050
YOM:
1975
Flight number:
LN1103
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
10
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
147
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
157

Crash of a Douglas DC-10 in Tripoli: 81 killed

Date & Time: Jul 27, 1989 at 0725 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HL7328
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Seoul - Bangkok - Jeddah - Tripoli
MSN:
47887
YOM:
1973
Flight number:
KE803
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
18
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
181
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
81
Aircraft flight hours:
49025
Aircraft flight cycles:
11440
Circumstances:
Crashed on approach.