Crash of a Fokker 50 in Mogadishu

Date & Time: Sep 19, 2020 at 0755 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-MHT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Mogadishu - Beledweyne
MSN:
20171
YOM:
1989
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Mogadishu-Aden Abdulle Airport on a cargo flight to Beledweyne, carrying four crew members and various goods on behalf of the AMISOM, the African Union Mission in Somalia. After takeoff, the crew informed ATC about hydraulic problems and was cleared to return. After touchdown on runway 05, the aircraft went out of control, veered off runway to the right and collided with a concrete wall. Two crew members were slightly injured while both pilots were seriously injured after the cockpit was severely damaged on impact.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Maji Moto

Date & Time: Sep 11, 2020
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-CDH
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
208B-0608
YOM:
1997
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances in Maji Moto, Rift Valley. All three occupants escaped with various injuries and the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26 in Juba: 7 killed

Date & Time: Aug 22, 2020 at 0840 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
EX-126
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Juba - Wau - Aweil
MSN:
11508
YOM:
1981
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Juba Airport runway 31, while climbing, the aircraft lost height and crashed in a prairie located near Referendom, about 4 km northwest of Juba Airport, bursting into flames. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire. A passenger was seriously injured while seven other occupants were killed. The aircraft was on its way to Aweil with an intermediate stop in Wau, carrying a load of foods and money for wages on behalf of the World Food Programme (WFP). It was reported that the aircraft was loaded with 8 tons of cargo while the maximum allowable would be 5,5 tons.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Fangak

Date & Time: Aug 16, 2020
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-SAV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
208B-0312
YOM:
1992
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft completed a humanitarian flight from Juba to Fangak on behalf of the NGO 'Nile Hope'. On board were five passengers and two pilots. During the takeoff roll on a muddy airstrip, the aircraft went out of control, veered off runway and collided with a tree. The right wing was torn off and the aircraft came to rest upside down. Two passengers were slightly injured.

Crash of a Let L-410UVP-E3 near Bukavu: 4 killed

Date & Time: Aug 13, 2020 at 1535 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9S-GEN
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Kalima – Bukavu
MSN:
89 23 25
YOM:
1989
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
While descending to Bukavu-Kavumu Airport on a flight from Kalima, the crew encountered poor visibility due to fog. Seven minutes prior to ETA, the aircraft struck trees and crashed in a wooded and mountainous area located in the Kahuzi-Miega National Park. The wreckage was found about 15 km south of the airport. All four occupants were killed.

Crash of a Harbin Yunsunji Y-12-II in Dhobley

Date & Time: Aug 4, 2020
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
KAF128
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Dhobley - Nairobi
MSN:
0097
YOM:
1997
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was returning to Nairobi-Eastleigh (Moi Air Base) after various supplies were delivered at Dhobley Airport on behalf of the Amisom, the African Union Mission in Somalia. Upon takeoff from Dhobley Airstrip, the aircraft crashed in unclear circumstances. All 10 occupants were injured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Antonov AN-74TK-100 in Gao

Date & Time: Aug 3, 2020 at 1015 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-74044
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bamako - Gao
MSN:
470 97 936
YOM:
1994
Flight number:
UNO052P
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
12970
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing flight UNO-052P from Bamako to Gao on behalf of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). En route, the crew encountered technical problems with the electrical system when the right generator failed. The crew attempted to start the APU several times but without success when the left generator also failed. The undercarriage were lowered manually and the landing was completed on a wet runway in rainy conditions. After touchdown, the crew started the braking procedure but was unable to deploy the thrust reversers. At a speed of 140-160 km/h, the aircraft overran, lost its undercarriage and came to rest in a waterlogged land. All 11 occupants were rescued, among them six were injured. The aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-8-Q402 Dash-8 in Beledweyne

Date & Time: Jul 14, 2020
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-VVU
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Djibouti City – Beledweyne
MSN:
4008
YOM:
2000
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing at Beledweyne-Haji-Sheikh Mahmud Hasan (Ugas Khalif) Airport, the aircraft went out of control and came to rest against several earth mounds, bursting into flames. All three crew members managed to escape while the aircraft was destroyed by fire. The crew was completing a cargo flight from Djibouti City on behalf of the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) and it is believed that the aircraft was carrying food supplies.

Crash of an Embraer EMB-120RT Brasília in Bardale: 5 killed

Date & Time: May 4, 2020 at 1545 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-AXO
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Mogadiscio – Baidoa – Bardale
MSN:
120-259
YOM:
1992
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
On approach to Bardale Airstrip, the twin engine aircraft struck the ground and crashed 5 km from the airport, bursting into flames. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all five occupants were killed. The crew was enroute from Mogadiscio to Bardale with an en route stop in Baidao, carrying medical supplies and mosquito nets.
Probable cause:
When the aircraft was arriving at Bardale FOB, the usual direction is east-west, but the aircraft was flying from west-east to land over the base camp. Even though the troops did not shoot it down, the aircraft crashed on the ground and was apparently not ready not land. The troops concluded that the aircraft was suspected to be a suicide and trying to find the target to make suicide in the base camp because of the movement of the aircraft. Due to lack of communication and awareness, the aircraft was shot down and all five occupants (3 Kenyan and 2 Somali citizens) died. The incident was performed by a non-AMISOM troops of Ethiopia, which will require mutual collaborative investigation team from Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya for determine the truth.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna S550 Citation S/II near George: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jan 23, 2020 at 1050 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-CAR
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
George - George
MSN:
S550-0078
YOM:
1985
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
A Cessna S550 Citation S/II of the South African Civil Aviation Authority crashed into the Outeniqua mountains, near the town of Friemersheim. The three occupants were killed and the aircraft was destroyed. The Citation departed Port Elizabeth Airport (FAPE) on a positioning flight to George Airport (FAGG). On approach to FAGG, the flying crew requested to carry out a calibration flight for the very high frequency omnidirectional range (VOR) beacon at FAGG. Due to inclement weather conditions at the time, they were not cleared to conduct VOR calibration. As a result, they decided to land and refuel the aircraft before commencing with the calibration of the Instrument Landing System (ILS) on runway 11 at FAGG. The flying crew requested take-off from runway 11 and an early right turn to intercept radial 250°, 17 nautical miles (nm) DME arc to radial 330° at 3000 feet (ft) climbing to 4,000 feet. The air traffic control (ATC) granted their request. Radar data indicated that at 10:42, the aircraft took off from runway 11 and, once airborne, made a right-hand turn to intercept radial 250° using the George VOR (GRV VOR). The aircraft climbed to 3000ft. Once the aircraft reached 17 nm on the DME from the GRV VOR (DME is co-located with the VOR), it commenced with a right-hand turn to intercept radial 330° while maintaining 17nm DME arc. At 10:46, the ATC at FAGG advised the flying crew that they were now exiting controlled airspace and were advised to broadcast on the special rules frequency. The crew acknowledged the advisory to change frequency and there was no further communication. The aircraft was still being monitored by ATC using secondary surveillance radar. At 10:50, radar data showed the aircraft crossing radial 310° and entered a climb from 3000ft, reaching 3,900 feet. As the aircraft levelled off at 3,900 feet, a rapid descent occurred, and the aircraft lost 1500ft in approximately 9 seconds. Three seconds prior to impact, the aircraft nose pitched up before impacting a ridge at 2,192 feet.