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Western Province (மேல் மாகாணம்)

Crash of an Antonov AN-32B in Hokandara: 5 killed

Date & Time: Dec 12, 2014 at 0620 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
SCM-864
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Colombo - Colombo
MSN:
3509
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The approach to Colombo-Ratmalana Airport was completed in marginal weather conditions and low visibility. While too low, the aircraft hit the roof of a house and crashed inverted in flames in a wooded area located in Hokandara, less than 10 km from the runway threshold. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post crash fire. A crew member was seriously injured while all four other occupants were killed. The only survivor died from his injuries six days later, on December 18.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-18 in Colombo

Date & Time: Feb 4, 2004 at 2233 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EX-005
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Dubaï-Colombo
MSN:
188 0111 05
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
EXV3002
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On final approach, the aircraft was too low and hit sea surface. Eventually, the aircraft landed with its gear retracted near the runway and skidded few hundred meters before coming to rest. Nobody was injured but the aircraft was written off.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Colombo: 10 killed

Date & Time: Mar 24, 2000 at 1804 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-11302
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bangkok-Colombo
MSN:
8 3 460 04
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
SCB702
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Aircraft flight hours:
7241
Aircraft flight cycles:
4651

Crash of an Antonov AN-32 in Colombo

Date & Time: Apr 21, 1997 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-860
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Palaly-Colombo
YOM:
1993
Flight number:
SLAF860
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
54
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of an Antonov AN-32 in Colombo: 4 killed

Date & Time: Feb 21, 1997 at 1045 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-865
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Colombo-Palaly
YOM:
1993
Flight number:
SLAF865
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
59
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4

Crash of an Antonov AN-32 in Colombo: 75 killed

Date & Time: Sep 12, 1995 at 0720 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-861
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Colombo-Palaly
Flight number:
SLAF861
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
70
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
75

Ground explosion of a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 100 in Colombo: 16 killed

Date & Time: May 3, 1986 at 0905 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
4R-ULD
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London - Zurich - Dubai - Colombo - Male
MSN:
193P-1061
YOM:
1974
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
22
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
128
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
16
Aircraft flight hours:
28915
Aircraft flight cycles:
16666
Circumstances:
A bomb explosion on board while the aircraft was parked and passengers ending the boarding. The aircraft was broken in two and 16 passengers were killed.

Crash of a Douglas DC-8-63CF in Colombo: 183 killed

Date & Time: Nov 15, 1978 at 2330 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TF-FLA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jeddah - Colombo - Surabaya
MSN:
46020/415
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
LL001
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
13
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
249
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
183
Circumstances:
The four engine airplane was chartered by Garuda Indonesia Airways to fly back to Surabaya 249 Indonesian pilgrims who were returning home following a 'haj' in Mecca. Following an uneventful flight, the crew was cleared to descend from FL330 to FL220 then was informed that runway 04 was in use. The captain requested a runway 22 landing and was cleared for. On final approach by night, while at an altitude of 650 feet, the crew was cleared to land on runway 22, a clearance that was acknowledged by the crew. Few seconds later, the approach controller realized that the aircraft was too low and tried to contact the crew. Unfortunately, this was not possible as the crew already switched to the tower frequency. On short final, the airplane struck tree tops and crashed in a huge explosion in a coconut grove located 2,1 km short of runway 22 threshold. 79 occupants were rescued while 183 others were killed, among them eight crew members. The aircraft was totally destroyed by a post crash fire.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the accident was the consequence of the combination of the following factors:
- The flight crew's failure to conform to the laid down approach procedures,
- The crew failed to check and utilize all instruments available for altitude and descent rate awareness,
- The copilot failed to provide the captain with the required altitude and sink rate call-outs at the various levels,
- The captain failed to initiate a missed approach procedure at the appropriate height when the runway was not in sight,
- The sink rate was very excessive during most part of the descent,
- There is a possibility that the radio altimeter bug on the captain's panel had been erroneously set at 150' which resulted in the captain being deprived of the warning light of the altimeter and of the audiovisual warnings of the GPWS as the break-off altitude of 250' which he had intended to set,
- Contributing to the accident was the fact that there was a down draught of the wind which probably rendered recovery more difficult when the captain realized that the aircraft had descended too low and called for maximum power to overshoot.
Final Report: