Crash of a Douglas DC-3-208A in Jones Beach

Date & Time: Jan 5, 1947 at 2208 LT
Type of aircraft: Douglas DC-3 (29545)">
Operator: American Airlines (30864)">
Registration:
NC21746
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
New York-La Guardia – Baltimore – Washington DC – Nashville
MSN:
2104
YOM:
1939
Flight number:
AA203
Location: Jones Beach (21214)"> New York (15417)">
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
13
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
6715
Captain / Total hours on type:
5580.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3850
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1500
Aircraft flight hours:
25547
Circumstances:
At 2107, the American Airlines’ radio station at New York received a message from the flight on very high frequency, indicating that it had no range reception or operative direction finding facilities. Because it had become apparent that precipitation static was so severe that it would not be possible to use the Philadelphia radio range for an approach to the Municipal Airport, the flight advised that it was continuing northeastward until visual contact with the ground was established. During this transmission, Flight 203 reported its position as in the vicinity of Lake-Hurst, New Jersey. When asked by the New York station of American Airlines at 2115 if he were “contact” in the South Jersey area, the pilot of Flight 203 replied that he had not been “contact” since leaving Washington. At 2128, Flight 203 declared an emergency, reporting that it had 70 gallons of gas aboard, with little or no D/F or radio range reception, and requested a report on the “neatest weather that is 1,000 feet or better.” While maintaining a northeasterly heading, the flight descended to an altitude of 200 feet. However, inasmuch as instrument conditions were still being encountered at that altitude, the pilot climbed again to an altitude of 1,500 feet. By the time the American Airlines’ New York station was able to provide the flight with weather reports in the area northeast of La Guardia Airport, the pilot had decided to effect an emergency landing without further delay. At this time there was but 30 minutes gas supply remaining on board. The pilot turned to a heading of 110 degrees toward the Atlantic Ocean in order to permit a descent to be made over open water. At 2156, after having maintained an east-southeasterly heading for 15 minutes, the flight advised the American Airlines’ station at New York that it intended to drop a flare. Upon dropping the flare and following it to the surface, the pilot found that the flight was over water. The pilot turned, therefore, to a heading of 300 degrees and, with the aircraft landing lights shining on the surface, continued westbound until sighting a shore line. He immediately maneuvered the aircraft to align it with the beach, which was oriented approximately 60 degrees to the left of his flight path, and completed an emergency landing at 2208 with his wheels retracted. Being unaware of his location, the pilot requested that bearings be taken in order to identify the position of the aircraft. At 2245, American Airlines was advised by telephone that Flight 203 had been located on the beach approximately one mile east of the Coast Guard Station at Jones Beach, New York.
Causes:
On the basis of the above findings, the Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the inability of the pilot to land at a prepared landing area due to the loss of radio navigational reference resulting from severe static interference. A contributing factor was the saturation of navigational facilities in the New York-Washington area due to the existence of a large number of emergencies which prevented an early landing. A further contributing factor was the failure of the company and the United States Weather Bureau to forecast adequately the high level conditions affecting this area due to insufficient number of radiosonde stations in the northeastern states.
Final Report:

Crash of a Lockheed DL-1 Vega in Hildalgo del Parral

Date & Time: Dec 31, 1946
Type of aircraft: Lockheed 5 Vega (29938)">
Operator: Lineas Aéreas Mexicanas - LAMSA (32926)">
Registration:
XA-DAY
Site:
MSN:
157
Country: Mexico (13439)">
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances in 1946. The exact date and the occupant fate remains unknown.

Crash of a Martin PBM-5 Mariner in Antarctica: 3 killed

Date & Time: Dec 30, 1946
Type of aircraft: Martin PBM Mariner (30198)">
Operator: United States Navy - USN (37278)">
Registration:
59098
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Location: Antarctica (16957)"> All Antarctica (13572)">
Country: Antarctica (13434)">
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Hit the ice and crashed on Thurston Island, Antarctica. Three crew members were killed and six others were rescued 13 days later.

Crash of a Douglas C-50A-DO near Michigan City: 2 killed

Date & Time: Dec 28, 1946 at 0919 LT
Type of aircraft: Douglas C-50 (DC-3) (30361)">
Operator: American Airlines (30864)">
Registration:
NC15577
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Buffalo – Detroit – Chicago
MSN:
4805
YOM:
1941
Flight number:
AA2207
Location: Michigan City (23018)"> Indiana (14772)">
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
18
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
3559
Captain / Total hours on type:
3550.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2000
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1000
Aircraft flight hours:
11920
Circumstances:
This flight originated at Buffalo and proceeded uneventfully to a scheduled stop at Detroit, Michigan. Departure from Detroit was at 0748, about six minutes behind schedule, with eighteen passengers, 550 gallons of fuel and on an instrument flight plan to cruise at 2,500 feet sea level. Routine position reports were made at 0800, 0807 and 0822. At 0840 the flight was instructed by Air Route Traffic Control at Chicago to climb to 4,000 feet sea level which it did immediately. At 0859 Chicago Air Route Traffic Control cleared the flight from South Bend, Indiana, to the Chicago Tower to maintain 4,000 feet sea level until ten minutes after passing South Bend. At 0902 the flight reported passing South Bend. There were no further radio contacts with the flight until 0918 when it transmitted, "Both engines going bad descending at 1,000 feet per minute looking for opening." This was followed almost immediately by, "Altitude is at present 900 feet." Chicago immediately replied, "Suggest proceed to South Bend immediately if able." This was not acknowledged. The plane crashed at or about that time in the northeastern part of Michigan City at a point approximately two miles from Lake Michigan. The direction of Initial impact was just south of east or about opposite the course from Detroit to Chicago.
Causes:
The probable cause of this accident was the accumulation of carburetor ice following the loss of power in both engines as a result of fuel starvation. The reason for fuel starvation has not been determined.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-3A in Walshville: 2 killed

Date & Time: Dec 28, 1946
Type of aircraft: Douglas DC-3 (29545)">
Registration:
NC58024
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Flint – Saint Louis
MSN:
9378
YOM:
1943
Location: Walshville (27787)"> Illinois (14760)">
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Enroute from Flint to Saint Louis on a cargo flight, the crew encountered poor weather with low visibility and severe icing conditions. The crew informed ATC about his situation and lost control of the aircraft that crashed in a prairie. The aircraft was destroyed and both crewmen were killed.
Causes:
It is believed that the loss of control may have been caused by the simultaneous failure of both engines, because the carburetors was stuck by icing.

Crash of a Percival Q.6 Petrel in United Kingdom

Date & Time: Dec 24, 1946
Type of aircraft: Percival Q.6 Petrel (30185)">
Registration:
G-AHOM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
Q.42
YOM:
1946
Country: United Kingdom (13252)">
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances somewhere in UK. There were no casualties.

Crash of an Airspeed AS.65 Consul in Villemorien

Date & Time: Dec 23, 1946
Type of aircraft: Airspeed AS.65 Consul (30180)">
Operator: Atlas Aviation (32950)">
Registration:
G-AHMA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
London-Gatwick – Geneva
MSN:
3428
YOM:
1946
Location: Villemorien (27663)"> Aube (13884)">
Country: France (13255)">
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
While flying southeast of Troyes, the crew encountered technical problems with the engines and was forced to attempt an emergency landing. The aircraft crash landed in a swamp located in Villemorien. All nine occupants (among them a six months old baby) were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond.
Causes:
Double engine failure caused by a fuel exhaustion.

Crash of an Avro 652 Anson I in Kråkerøy

Date & Time: Dec 20, 1946
Type of aircraft: Avro 652 Anson (30171)">
Registration:
W-AL
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Location: Fredrikstad (19984)"> Østfold (16578)">
Country: Norway (13248)">
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was in charge to deliver the aircraft to Oslo-Gardermoen Airport. Enroute, bad weather conditions were encountered and the pilot was eventually forced to attempt an emergency landing due to fuel shortage. The aircraft crash landed in Kråkerøy, south of Fredrikstad. While all five occupants were uninjured, the aircraft was written off.
Causes:
Forced landing due to fuel shortage.

Crash of a Douglas C-47B-1-DL near Ferrara

Date & Time: Dec 18, 1946
Registration:
43-16378
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
20844
YOM:
1944
Location: Ferrara (19824)"> Emilia-Romagna (14471)">
Country: Italy (13256)">
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Enroute, the aircraft suffered an engine failure and the crew was forced to attempt an emergency landing. The aircraft crash landed in a field located 3,2 km north of Ferrara and came to rest. There were no casualties.
Causes:
Engine failure.

Crash of a Douglas C-47B-35-DK Dakota IV near Trigno

Date & Time: Dec 17, 1946
Operator: Royal Air Force - RAF (31257)">
Registration:
KN662
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
16615/33363
YOM:
1945
Location: Trigno (27208)"> Abruzzo (13491)">
Country: Italy (13256)">
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Enroute, the aircraft suffered an engine failure and the crew attempted to make an emergency landing. The aircraft came to rest in a prairie located 8 km west of Trigno. There were no casualties.
Causes:
Engine failure.