Crash of a Douglas C-54A-1-DO Skymaster in Castilla: 5 killed

Date & Time: Sep 27, 1949 at 1830 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
LV-ABI
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Quito – Morón
MSN:
7445
YOM:
1943
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The aircraft was returning to its base in Morón following a humanitarian mission in Ecuador after an earthquake. About twenty minutes before its ETA in Buenos Aires, while descending to an altitude of 1,500 meters, the captain was in the cabin with passengers and the copilot was pilot in command when a fire erupted in the cabin. As smoke spread quickly, the captain opened a door and used a fire extinguisher without success. As the cabin was on fire, the copilot completed a belly landing in a prairie located in Castilla. The aircraft slid for several yards and came to rest in flames. Twenty people were injured while five others, among them three crew members, were killed. The aircraft was destroyed by fire.
Probable cause:
It was determined that a leak occurred on the oxygen circuit during the descent. The captain immediately instructed the occupants to stop smoking but apparently, a fire erupted after oxygen contacted sparks in an ashtray.

Crash of a Handley Page H.P.67 Hastings C.1 in Beacon Hill: 3 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1949
Operator:
Registration:
TG499
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
3
YOM:
1948
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
While cruising at an altitude of 4,000 feet during a training sortie, the pilot lost control of the airplane that crashed in Beacon Hill, Wiltshire. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and all three crew members were killed.
Probable cause:
Loss of control in flight due to the failure of the under-slung belly pannier that was torn off and hit tail.

Crash of an Avro 694 Lincoln B.2 in Staythorpe: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RF407
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The crew was engaged in a training mission called 'Operation Bulldog' consisting of an aerial attack of a target located outside the city of Staythorpe. While approaching the target on the north of the city at low height, the aircraft collided with a second RAF Avro 694 Lincoln B.2 registered RE374 and carrying also a crew of seven. Both aircraft dove into the ground and crashed in a field, killing all 14 crew members. Crew from the 61st Squadron.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident could not be determined with certainty but could have been caused by minor errors in timing, a convergence of tracks on approach to the target or inadequate lookout by each crew.

Crash of an Avro 694 Lincoln B.2 in Staythorpe: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RE374
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The crew was engaged in a training mission called 'Operation Bulldog' consisting of an aerial attack of a target located outside the city of Staythorpe. While approaching the target on the north of the city at low height, the aircraft collided with a second RAF Avro 694 Lincoln B.2 registered RF407 and carrying also a crew of seven. Both aircraft dove into the ground and crashed in a field, killing all 14 crew members.
Crew (57th Squadron):
F/Lt John Shorthouse, pilot,
Henry Richardson, pilot,
Charles Denis Kirby, flight engineer,
Albert Henry James Mitchell, navigator,
Philip Edward Pattullo, gunner,
John Edwin Conway Simpson, signaler,
Edwards Charles Talbot, gunner.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident could not be determined with certainty but could have been caused by minor errors in timing, a convergence of tracks on approach to the target or inadequate lookout by each crew.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-12 near Savasleyka: 3 killed

Date & Time: Sep 20, 1949 at 0405 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-L1462
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Moscow – Kazan – Chelyabinsk – Kostanay – Karaganda
MSN:
8 302 60 4
YOM:
0
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Aircraft flight hours:
550
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from Moscow to Karaganda with intermediate stops in Kazan, Chelyabinsk and Kostanay, carrying a load of various goods consisting of an industrial furnace (765 kg), theater sets, brass tubes (1,030 kg) and electrical equipment (695 kg). While cruising by night at an altitude of 1,800 meters, the flight engineer spotted some flames coming out from the left engine. The crew made several tests and controls, the captain reduced his altitude to 1,500 meters but eventually decided to continue. About an hour later, while flying at an altitude of 3,000 meters, the left engine failed. In such conditions, the pilot was unable to maintain a safe height and the aircraft descended until it hit some tree tops and crashed in a wooded area located on the top of a hill some 22 km east of Mourom, 12 km north of Savasleyka. Three crew members were killed while a fourth was seriously injured.
Probable cause:
Failure of the left engine caused by the rupture of a flexible set on a hydraulic line, which prevented the engine to be properly lubricated. It was determined that the hose was improperly fixed during a maintenance performed during last April. Lack of visibility caused by night and a wrong decision on part of the crew who decided to continue the flight in such conditions after the first anomaly that occurred an hour prior to the accident remain contributing factors.

Crash of a Douglas C-47-DL near Saint Joachim: 23 killed

Date & Time: Sep 9, 1949 at 1045 LT
Operator:
Registration:
CF-CUA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Montreal – Québec – Baie-Comeau
MSN:
4518
YOM:
1942
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
19
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
23
Circumstances:
The aircraft left Quebec-Ancienne Lorette Airport at 1020LT, five minutes behind the scheduled time. Twenty-five minutes later, while cruising above the St Laurent River along the coast of the 'non organized' territory of Sault-au-Cochon, the aircraft exploded, dove into the ground and crashed in a wooded area located northeast of Saint Joachim, about 65 km northeast of the city of Quebec. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and all 23 occupants were killed. It was quickly determined that the disintegration of the aircraft was caused by the explosion of a bomb placed in the front left cargo compartment. Prepared by Généreux Ruest, the bomb was composed by dynamite, was connected to a clockwork and was powered by a pocket lamp battery. Généreux Ruest and his sister Marguerite Pitre were partner in crime of Albert Guay who contracted a life insurance (10,000 Canadian dollars) for his wife who was on board the aircraft. In trouble with his wife, Albert Guay organized her assassination and put himself the bomb in his wife's luggage. She was killed in the crash with 22 other people. Albert Guay, Généreux Ruest and Marguerite Pitre were convicted of assassination and were executed by hanging respectively on January 21, 1951, July 25, 1952 and January 9, 1953.
Probable cause:
Loss of control in flight due to the explosion of a bomb placed in the front left cargo compartment.

Crash of a Lockheed 18-10 LodeStar in Sucre

Date & Time: Sep 6, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CB-26
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Site:
MSN:
18-2098
YOM:
1941
Country:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft was engaged in a supply mission to rebels when it was shot down by government antiaircraft fire. The occupant fate remains unknown.
Probable cause:
Shot down.

Crash of a Fairchild C-82A Packet near Collinsville: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 3, 1949 at 2240 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
45-57823
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Lowry - Alameda
MSN:
10193
YOM:
1945
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
En route from Lowry AFB (Denver) to Alameda NAS (Oakland), the airplane suffered a loss of power on both engines and the crew instructed all six passengers to bail out. After they abandoned the airplane, the crew lost control of the aircraft which dove into the ground and crashed in a marshy field located about 2 miles north of Collinsville. Both pilots were killed while all six passengers were uninjured.
Probable cause:
Loss of power on both engines.

Crash of a Boeing B-29-55-BA Superfortress near Wellpinit: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 30, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
44-84028
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Spokane - Spokane
Crew on board:
14
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
The crew was conducting a training sortie from Spokane. En route, an engine failed, forcing the crew to abandon the aircraft and to bail out. Out of control, the heavy bomber crashed in a uninhabited area located 4 miles north of Wellpinit. The copilot was killed while 13 other occupants were evacuated safely.
Probable cause:
Engine failure.

Crash of a Canadian Vickers PBV-1A Canso A in Bigstone Lake: 21 killed

Date & Time: Aug 21, 1949 at 2330 LT
Operator:
Registration:
11057
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Churchill – Winnipeg
MSN:
CV-363
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
14
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
21
Circumstances:
While flying in poor weather conditions, the seaplane encountered severe turbulences, nosed down and crashed near Bigstone Lake, about 435 km northeast of Winnipeg. All 21 occupants were killed, among them 14 civilians.
Crew:
F/O George Walker Lineker,
LAC Garnett Frederick Bull,
F/O Albert George Eden,
Cpl George Robert Mitchell,
F/Lt William Wishart Robson,
F/Lt Francis John Rush,
F/O Daniel Orlande Shumay.