Date & Time: Jan 24, 2012 at 0828 LT
Type of aircraft:
McDonnell Douglas MD-83
Operator:
Registration:
EC-JJS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Dubai - Kandahar
MSN:
49793/1656
YOM:
1989
Flight number:
SWT094
Region:
Asia
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
0
Pax on board:
86
Pax fatalities:
0
Other fatalities:
0
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
4946
Captain / Total hours on type:
3228
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2881
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2222
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Dubai, copilot started the approach and configured the aircraft with gear down and flaps at 40. With a speed of 192 knots and an excessive rate of descent at 1,000 feet per minute, aircraft was slightly to the right of the glide slope and not stabilized. As the PAPI on runway 05 was out of service, captain decided to take over the control of the aircraft and continued the approach. During the flare, at a speed of 122 knots, aircraft was unstable and banking to the right, so the right wing hit the ground. Crew landed safely, evacuated the runway and went to his parking place. While all 91 occupants disembarked without further problem, the aircraft was later declared a write off.
Probable cause:
The accident was likely caused by the failure to observe the company's operating procedures and not executing a go-around when the approach was clearly not stabilized. Moreover, the operator lacked the authorization (and the crew the training) to carry out the RNAV (GPS) approach maneuver that was conducted at RWY 05 of the Kandahar Airport.
Contributing to the accident was:
The inoperable status of the PAPI at runway 05 of the Kandahar Airport, which was thus unable to aid the crew to establish the aircraft on the correct descent slope.
Final Report:
EC-JJS.pdf3.09 MB