Date & Time: Apr 16, 1941 at 1633 LT
Type of aircraft:
Boeing 247
Operator:
Registration:
NC13359
Flight Phase:
Takeoff (climb)
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Knoxville – Bristol – Charleston – Clarksburg – Pittsburgh
MSN:
1741
YOM:
1932
Flight number:
PCA143
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
0
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
0
Other fatalities:
0
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
2327
Captain / Total hours on type:
947
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1474
Copilot / Total hours on type:
212
Aircraft flight hours:
14866
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from Charleston Airport, while climbing, the right engine failed. The aircraft stalled and crashed in a wooded area near the airport. All nine occupants were injured while the aircraft was destroyed by impact forces.
Crew:
Russell J. Wright, captain,
William H. Riley, first officer,
Irene Coates, flight stewardess.
Probable cause:
Loss of power in the right engine due to causes unknown.
Contributing factors were:
Failure of PCA to establish adequate procedures to require its pilots to be familiar with the terrain surrounding airports, and failure of Captain Wright to familiarize himself adequately with the terrain surrounding the Charleston Municipal Airport.
Failure of PCA to inform its pilots of the amount of power which could reasonably be taken from Pratt and Whitney Wasp S1H1-G engines under emergency conditions, and the consequent hesitancy of Captain Wright to exercise his emergency authority and use additional power soon enough to clear the ridge.
Final Report: