Date & Time: Aug 14, 2013 at 0451 LT
Type of aircraft:
Airbus A300-600
Operator:
Registration:
N155UP
Flight Type:
Cargo
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Louisville - Birmingham
MSN:
841
YOM:
2003
Flight number:
UPS1354
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
2
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
0
Other fatalities:
0
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
6406
Captain / Total hours on type:
3265
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4721
Copilot / Total hours on type:
403
Aircraft flight hours:
11000
Aircraft flight cycles:
6800
Circumstances:
Crew was approaching Birmingham-Shuttlesworth runway 18 at night in good weather conditions. Due to maintenance work, the principal runway at Birmingham Airport was closed to traffic. On descent, 16 seconds prior to impact, EGPWS alarm sounded in the cockpit, informing crew about a too low altitude. Six seconds later, copilot informed captain he has the runway in sight and four seconds later, at a speed of 140 knots with the automatic pilot ON, aircraft hit tree tops and electrical cables. On ground, he bounced three times and eventually crashed in an open field located less than one km from runway threshold. Aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. Both pilots were killed. At the time of the accident, it was dark and weather conditions were as follow : visibility more than 16 km, light wind from 340 at 4 knots, few clouds at 1,100 feet, scattered at 3,500 feet.
Probable cause:
The NTSB determined that the probable causes of the crash were:
The crew continued an unstabilized approach into Birmingham Airport,
the crew failed to monitor the altitude and inadvertently descended below the minimum descent altitude when the runway was not yet in sight.
Contributing factors were:
the flight crew's failure to properly configure the on-board flight management computer,
the first officer's failure to make required call-outs,
the captain's decision to change the approach strategy without communicating his change to the first officer,
flight crew fatigue.
Final Report:
N155UP.pdf3.95 MB