Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 in Singapore

Date & Time: Oct 25, 1950
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
MW102
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Northolt – Singapore
MSN:
MW102
YOM:
1943
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crash landed in Changi Airport for unknown reason. There were no casualties but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Douglas C-47A-1-DK Dakota C.3 in Mill Hill: 28 killed

Date & Time: Oct 17, 1950 at 1545 LT
Operator:
Registration:
G-AGIW
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Northolt – Glasgow
MSN:
12186
YOM:
1943
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
24
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
28
Circumstances:
The aircraft left RAF Northolt at 1538LT on a regular service to Glasgow-Renfrew. Shortly after takeoff, while climbing to an altitude of 500 feet, the crew encountered technical problems with the right engine that was shot down and its propeller was feathered. The pilot contacted ground and obtained the authorization to return for an emergency landing. While descending to the runway 26 with the left engine operating only and the undercarriage down, the aircraft lost height, contacted trees and crashed in flames in Mill Hill, about nine miles northeast of the airbase. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and a crew member was seriously injured while all 28 other occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The first and preponderant cause among those which contributed to the accident was the failure of the master rod bearings of the starboard engine. This failure could not have been foreseen or guarded against by any greater exercise of vigilance that could reasonably have been required of the operators and their staff. The secondary causes are harder to assess and evaluate. Among them are or may be:
a) The failure of pilots to make an immediate visual landing upon realizing that they must stop the starboard engine;
b) The failure of the pilots to make use of SBA although equipment was carried in the aircraft. SBA would not have been subject in this instance to the disadvantages of GCA ("presence of a mass of permanent echoes which obscure on the visual display returns from aircraft within the irregularity bounded area of sky, covered by those echoes");
c) The failure of the pilots, having elected to make use of GCA, to retract the undercarriage while flying away from the airport over the distance necessary to bring their aircraft under the effective control of GCA and thereafter;
d) The glazing of the lead deposits on the sparking plugs of the port engine while under conditions of high power-output leading to ignition trouble and so to a lose of power sufficient to destroy the ability of the aircraft to maintain level flight;
e) The necessity for taking drastic action with the controls to avoid the steeple of Harrow-on-the-Hill Church, and the high ground beyond, at a time when there was but a marginal reserve of power for maintaining level flight.
Final Report:

Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 in Wünsdorf

Date & Time: Jul 30, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
MW145
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Wünsdorf – Northolt
MSN:
MW145
YOM:
1945
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Just after liftoff, while in initial climb, engines number one and two lost power. The aircraft banked left and the captain decided to abandon the takeoff procedure so he landed immediately. After touchdown, he realized that the distance available was insufficient so he raised the landing gear. The aircraft sank on its belly and slid for several yards before coming to rest. There were no casualties but the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Simultaneous loss of power on both left engines just after liftoff for undetermined reason.

Crash of a Handley Page H.P.70 Halifax VIII in Schleswig AFB: 3 killed

Date & Time: Mar 21, 1949
Operator:
Registration:
G-AJZZ
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Northolt – Schleswig
MSN:
1396
YOM:
1945
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
On final approach to Schleswig AFB, the four engine aircraft was too low and crashed few hundred yards short of runway. Three crew members were killed while the fourth occupant was injured. The aircraft was destroyed.
Crew:
Cpt Robert John Freight, †
James Patrick Lewin Sharp, navigator, †
Henry Patterson. †

Crash of an Avro 685 York I in Berlin: 3 killed

Date & Time: Mar 15, 1949
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AHFI
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Northolt – Berlin
MSN:
1316
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
On final approach to Berlin-Gatow Airport, the four engine aircraft banked left and crashed few hundred yards short of runway threshold. The aircraft was destroyed and all three crew members were killed. They were performing a cargo flight from Northolt, taking part to the Berlin Airlift.
Crew:
Cpt Cecil Golding, pilot,
Henry Thomas Newman, copilot,
Peter James Edwards, radio operator.

Crash of a Douglas C-47A-25-DK Dakota C.3 in Exhall: 10 killed

Date & Time: Feb 19, 1949 at 0945 LT
Operator:
Registration:
G-AHCW
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Northolt – Glasgow
MSN:
13308
YOM:
1944
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Circumstances:
While cruising in VFR mode over the region of Coventry at an altitude of 4,500 feet, the C-47 collided with a RAF Avro Anson registered VV243 and carrying four pilots under training. Following the collision, both aircraft went out of control, dove into the ground and crashed in Exhall, north of Coventry. All 14 occupants in both aircraft were killed.
Probable cause:
The accident was the result of a midair collision. Since neither aircraft took any apparent avoiding action it must be concluded that the pilot of the Anson did not see the Dakota and that the pilots of the Dakota did not see the Anson. This must be attributed to failure on the part of the captain of each aircraft to ensure the maintenance of an effective lookout.

Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 in Berlin

Date & Time: Dec 14, 1948
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
MW238
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Berlin – Northolt
MSN:
MW238
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll completed in strong cross winds, the aircraft lost directional control, veered off runway, lost its tail wheel and came to rest. All four crew members were unhurt while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 in Berlin

Date & Time: Dec 2, 1948
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
MW246
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Northolt – Berlin
MSN:
MW246
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
For unknown reason, the crew landed with an excessive speed. After touchdown, the aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance, overran, lost its undercarriage and came to a halt. There were no casualties.

Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 in Wünsdorf AFB

Date & Time: Nov 10, 1948
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
MW270
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Wünsdorf – Northolt
MSN:
MW270
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll, a speed indicator failed. The captain decided to abandon the takeoff maneuver and started an emergency brake procedure. As the distance within the end of the runway was insufficient, he raised the gear. The aircraft sank on its belly and slid for several yards before coming to rest. While all four crew members were unhurt, the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Douglas C-47B-25-DK in Wiesbaden AFB: 5 killed

Date & Time: Nov 2, 1948
Operator:
Registration:
44-76491
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Northolt – Wiesbaden
MSN:
16075/32823
YOM:
1945
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances while approaching Wiesbaden-Erbenheim AFB. All five occupants were killed.