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Ground accident of a Pilatus PC-12/47E in Savannah

Date & Time: Jan 6, 2016 at 0835 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N978AF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Savannah - Lexington
MSN:
1078
YOM:
2008
Flight number:
Cobalt Air 727
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
23141
Captain / Total hours on type:
534.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
7900
Copilot / Total hours on type:
5100
Aircraft flight hours:
4209
Circumstances:
The aircraft collided with a ditch during a precautionary landing after takeoff from Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport (SAV), Savannah, Georgia. The pilot and copilot sustained minor injuries, and the airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to Upper Deck Holdings, Inc. and was being operated by PlaneSense, Inc,. as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 positioning flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and an instrument flight rules flight plan was filed for the flight to Blue Grass Airport (LEX), Lexington, Kentucky. The pilot in the left seat was the pilot monitoring and the copilot in the right seat was the pilot flying. The crew had the full length of the runway 1 available (7,002 ft) for takeoff. The pilots reported that the acceleration and takeoff was normal and after establishing a positive rate of climb, the crew received an auditory annunciation and a red crew alerting system (CAS) torque warning. The engine torque indicated 5.3 pounds per square inch (psi); the nominal torque value for the conditions that day was reported by the crew to be 43.3 psi. With about 2,700 ft of runway remaining while at an altitude of 200 ft msl, the copilot elected to land immediately; the copilot pushed the nose down and executed a 90° left descending turn and subsequently landed in the grass. Although he applied "hard" braking in an attempt to stop, the airplane impacted a drainage ditch, resulting in substantial impact damage and a postimpact fire. The pilot reported that, after takeoff, he observed a low torque CAS message and the copilot told him to "declare an emergency and run the checklist." The pilot confirmed that the landing gear were extended and the copilot turned the airplane to the left toward open ground between the runways and the terminal. About 60 seconds elapsed from the start of the takeoff roll until the accident. The airport was equipped with security cameras that captured the airplane from its initial climb through the landing and collision. One camera, pointed toward the west-southwest, recorded the airplane's left descending turn and its landing in the grass, followed by impact and smoke. A second camera, mounted on the control tower, pointed toward the southeast and showed the airplane during the initial climb before it leveled off and entered a descending left turn; it also showed the airplane land and roll through the grass before colliding with the ditch.

Crash of a Canadair RegionalJet CRJ200 in Lexington: 49 killed

Date & Time: Aug 27, 2006 at 0607 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N431CA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lexington - Atlanta
MSN:
7472
YOM:
2001
Flight number:
DL5191
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
47
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
49
Captain / Total flying hours:
4710
Captain / Total hours on type:
3082.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
6564
Copilot / Total hours on type:
940
Aircraft flight hours:
12048
Aircraft flight cycles:
14536
Circumstances:
On takeoff from Lexington-Blue Grass airport, the aircraft hit trees and crashed in a small wood located near the airport. All occupants, except the copilot, were killed. It is clearly defined that the crew attempted to takeoff from runway 26 which is 3,500 feet long instead of runway 22. It seems that this mistake, done by the crew, was contributed by low visibility (small shower front approaching and still dark). Due to short runway, the aircraft did not takeoff, hit trees and crashed. NTSB indicated that the taxiway to runway 22 has been modified recently, passing in front of the runway 26. Both pilots made a remark about the fact that the runway 26 was unlighted at the time of the accident. The flight was made on behalf of Delta Connection.

Crash of a Learjet 25 in Lexington: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 30, 2002 at 1307 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N45CP
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Marco Island-Lexington
MSN:
25-073
YOM:
1972
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
2681
Captain / Total hours on type:
436.00
Aircraft flight hours:
7514

Crash of a Pilatus PC-6 Turbo Porter in Texas

Date & Time: Oct 28, 1997 at 0938 LT
Registration:
N19TX
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lexington-Lexington
MSN:
684
YOM:
1968
Location:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
4800
Captain / Total hours on type:
400.00
Aircraft flight hours:
9358

Crash of a Beechcraft E18 in Madison: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 11, 1974 at 0010 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N1258
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Madison - Lexington
MSN:
BA-435
YOM:
1959
Location:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
3366
Captain / Total hours on type:
2000.00
Circumstances:
After a night takeoff at Madison Airport, the twin engine airplane encountered difficulties to gain height when it struck tree tops and crashed in a wooded area. The aircraft was destroyed and both pilots were killed.
Probable cause:
Collision with trees after the crew misjudged altitude and clearance. The following contributing factors were reported:
- High obstructions,
- Hi trees 50 feet AGL on runway heading, 2,300 feet from runway end,
- Landing gear in transit.
Final Report:

Crash of a Learjet 23 in Detroit: 3 killed

Date & Time: Dec 15, 1972 at 1146 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N20M
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Detroit - Lexington
MSN:
23-094
YOM:
1966
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
4302
Captain / Total hours on type:
1072.00
Circumstances:
Just after liftoff from runway 03R at Detroit-Wayne County Airport, while in initial climb, the airplane crashed on a fuel storage tank and exploded. Both pilots, en route to Lexington on a ferry flight, were killed, as well as one people on the ground.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident could not be determined.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft G18S in Elkton: 11 killed

Date & Time: Nov 17, 1972 at 2320 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N2700S
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Hopkinsville - Lexington
MSN:
BA-567
YOM:
1960
Location:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
11
Captain / Total flying hours:
22145
Captain / Total hours on type:
476.00
Circumstances:
While cruising by night in marginal weather conditions, the twin engine aircraft went out of control, spiraled to the ground and crashed in an open field located near Elkton. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 11 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Uncontrolled descent following an inadequate preflight preparation on part of the pilot. The following factors were reported:
- Improperly loaded aircraft,
- Failure to provide adequate directives, manual and equipment on part of the personnel,
- Icing conditions, including sleet and freezing rain,
- Approximately 798 pounds over gross weight,
- CofG was 2,72 inches aft rear limit.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 421B Golden Eagle II in Cleveland: 5 killed

Date & Time: Aug 7, 1972 at 1800 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N123QF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Cleveland - Lexington
MSN:
421B-0139
YOM:
1971
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Captain / Total flying hours:
8500
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Cleveland-Hardwick Airport, while in initial climb, the right engine lost power. The pilot was cleared to return for an emergency landing and started an immediate turn before trying to feather the right propeller. Due to insufficient speed, the airplane lost height, stalled and crashed, killing all five occupants.
Probable cause:
Loss of power on the right engine during initial climb due to material failure. The following factors were reported:
- Powerplant failure due to master and connecting rods failure,
- The pilot failed to follow the approved procedures,
- The pilot failed to maintain flying speed,
- Improper emergency procedures,
- Right engine n°5 cylinder connecting rod bolt failed,
- The pilot tried to return to airport before feathering the right propeller,
- Aircraft near gross weight.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft H18 in Charlottesville

Date & Time: Nov 29, 1971 at 1400 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N717Z
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lexington - Charlottesville
MSN:
BA-710
YOM:
1964
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
15575
Captain / Total hours on type:
485.00
Circumstances:
On approach to Charlottesville Airport, the pilot encountered poor weather conditions with fog, low ceiling and rain showers. Unable to locate the runway, he decided to initiate a go-around when he lost control of the airplane that nosed down and crashed few dozen yards short of runway. The pilot was slightly injured and the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
The pilot failed to obtain/maintain flying speed while initiating a go-around. The following factors were reported:
- Improper operation of flight controls,
- Incorrect trim setting,
- Low ceiling, rain and fog,
- Lost control on go-around from localizer approach,
- Full left rudder trim and full forward elevator trim found.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas C-47-DL in Cincinnati: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jan 12, 1955 at 0904 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N999B
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Battle Creek – Lexington – Miami
MSN:
4255
YOM:
1942
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The crew departed Battle Creek Airport at 0733LT bound for Miami with an intermediate stop at Lexington, Kentucky. While cruising at an altitude between 700 and 900 feet, the left wing of the aircraft collided with the right engine of a Trans World Airlines (TWA) Martin 202 registered N93211 that just took off from Cincinnati-Greater Cincinnati Airport. Following the collision, both aircraft went into a dive and crashed in a snow covered field and a wooded area located in the suburb of Cincinnati. Both aircraft were completely destroyed upon impact and all 15 occupants on both airplanes were killed.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of this accident was operation of the DC-3 in the control zone as unknown traffic, without clearance, very close to the base of, or in, the overcast.
Final Report: